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Holmdel Bell Labs Researchers Win Nobel Prize in Physics

On October 17, 1978, Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, researchers at Bell Labs in Holmdel, were recipients of the Nobel Prize in Physics “for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation.” Penzias and Wilson gathered the first experimental evidence that established the “Big Bang” model of the origin of the universe. In 1964, they were using the powerful Horn Antenna at Bell Labs in Holmdel that had previously been built as a communications relay along with the Echo and Telstar satellites, for global communication. Penzias and Wilson were calibrating the Horn Antenna when they inadvertently detected a low, mysterious noise persisting in the background of their receiver. What they had stumbled across was cosmic microwave background radiation. The work they carried out at Bell Labs graduated the Big Bang Theory to the realm of accepted science fact.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1978 was divided, with one quarter each awarded to Penzias and Wilson, and a half share awarded to Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa “for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics.”

Souces: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1978. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2019. Sat. 28 Dec 2019. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1978/summary/>

https://www.bell-labs.com/about/recognition/1978-cosmic-microwave-background/

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